How is a laparoscopic procedure performed?

During laparoscopy, the abdomen is usually inflated using carbon dioxide (CO2) gas using a needle inserted through a small incision usually just below the umbilicus (belly button), thus creating a sufficient working space.

The key element in a laparoscopic procedure is the use of a fiber optic cable system, called a laparoscope, which is connected to a High Definition video camera and is inserted into the tummy through a 10mm port or trocar to illuminate the operative field.

Using the laparoscope, several working ports or trocars can be inserted into the abdomen under direct vision. Through these trocars, a variety of specialized surgical instruments, like graspers, forceps, scissors, dissectors, energy devices etc. are introduced and are used by the surgeon in order to carry out the procedure.